express research proposal

[pada suatu siang yang agak mendung. jam 10.30 WIB via Yahoo! Messenger]

tiffa: put, put!! itu ada lowongan magang ituuu… di jepaaang.. gajinya gede lhoo.. lebih gede daripada gaji saya sekarang..
poets: haha.. iya.. tadi saya baca email dari kamu.. kaya’nya menarik, va… btw, allowance-nya gede benjeett.. kerjaannya jg pasti gede ya??
tiffa:  iya, gede bangeeeeeeeettt…. deadline hari ini tapi, put.. hehe
poets:  waduh.. hahahaha..
tiffa: jam 5 waktu sana deadlinenya.. mayan kan, kalo’ keterima
poets:  mak! dia mintanya master, tipaaa… *ciut*
tiffa:  bo, kirim dulu! seriusan, banyak loh yg bisa tembus walaupun tdnya bukan master.. asal research proposalnya oke…
poets: nah itu die masalahnyee…
tiffa:  yg diminta cuma proposal riset sehalaman pun!!
poets: nah, gw ada kerjaan ni sekarang… artinya gw harus bikin proposal riset dalam waktu 3 jam, nih??? tentang apa yaaaa…
tiffa: ah, kan lo udah biasa bikin abstrak… ini kan tentang climate change….
poets: hmm.. climate change ya?? *thinking*
tiffa: coba kaitkan sj misalnya si angkot dgn emisi greenhouse gases di bandung.. dan apa impactnya kalau angkot diberesin…

dan jam 15.30 WIB, jadi dan dikirimlah esai singkat ini :))
terima kasih untuk pengalaman bikin proposal riset paling kilat sedunia, tiffa.. hahaha…


Controlling Air Pollution Level through Local Transportation Mode Revitalization


Bandung (Indonesia) is a city of 1,892,257 inhabitants with total area of 16,729.50 hectare. The city is basically developed under a sprawling scheme with a lot of housing areas on its peripheries, resulting massive resident movement from periphery (housing area) to city center (education, commercial, and business districts). Galamedia, a local newspaper, in one of their article explained that the automotive vehicle growth in Bandung in year 2010 has reached 1,101,680 units or 39% more than those in 2009 (Galamedia, 2011). This number has successfully increased traffic congestion in the city, causing massive disadvantages for the city and the people. According to Head of Infrastructure & Facility Sub-Division of Bandung City Local Development Planning Agency (Bappeda Kota Bandung), traffic congestion in Bandung causing total inconvenience cost of Rp. 2.46 Billion and resulting 66.34 % of total emission gases from transportation.

As one of the public transportation mode in Bandung, “angkot” is often considered as the most effective transportation mode because of its car-sized dimension (appropriate with Bandung’s roads dimension, which are relatively narrow) and because it covers most of areas in Bandung City. Nowadays, there are 38 angkot routes all over Bandung, consisting of total 5,521 units of cars. If one angkot able to carry 12 persons there will be more than 66,252 people transported in Bandung in one hour, assuming every route is reached within 1 hour. However, the massive growth of cars and motorcycle in Bandung has reduced citizen’s willingness of using angkot as their main transportation mode to 50% (Traffic Management Center Satlantas Polrestabes Bandung, 2011).

Most people choose to travel by their own vehicles because angkot has become more and more unreliable in punctuality. The drivers often wait too long for passangers, causing significant time-defect. What if the intra-urban public transportation is revitalized, recovering its reliability to regenerate the citizen’s enthusiasm of using public transportation? The revitalization consists of the transportation system and unit management improvement without adding or subsiding existing angkot route. My presumption is, when most of the citizens use angkot for their primary intra-urban transportation, the number of private vehicle in Bandung can be controlled. Therefore, in the ideal condition, the pollution level caused by transportation within Bandung City can also be controlled.


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